The SLR has not taken over the technological innovations of foreign railways and problems with travel time, reliability and comfort have caused it to lose much of its market share to passengers. Until 2011, it held a 7% market share.  Major population centres and tourist destinations are connected to the railway. The operation began in 1864 with the construction of the main line from Colombo to Ambepussa, 54 kilometres to the east, and the first train was officially opened to traffic on 27 December 1864 1865. The main line was gradually extended in 1867 to Kandy, Nawalapitiya in 1874, Nanu-Oya in 1885, Bandarawela in 1894 and Badulla in 1924.  Other lines have been completed to connect the country: the Matale Line 1880, the Coast Line 1895, the Northern Line 1905, the Mannar Line 1914, the Kelani Valley Line 1919, The Puttalam Line 1926 and the Batticaloa and Trincomalee Lines 1928.  A high-speed rail network is being established to connect major lines such as Delhi-Agra, Delhi-Kanpur, Chennai-Hyderabad, Nagpur-Secunderabad, Mumbai-Pune-Solapur-Hydrabad and Mumbai-Goa. First, the trains will run at a maximum speed of 160 km/h, which will be increased to 200 km/h after the rails have been reinforced and closed. The Gatimaan Express began operations on 5 April 2016, following the granting of security clearances on its first route.
  India and Sri Lanka signed a $91.26 million contract on Thursday to extend the 130-kilometre rail line between Maho and the island state`s omatic city. The agreement provides for the revaluation of a distance of 130 km, more than 100 years old, between Colombo and Jaffna, in the northern majority province of Tamil. The project aims to double the speed potential of the track, which is currently 60 km to 120 km/h, and to reduce maintenance costs. It will also improve passenger comfort and contribute to the modernization of Sri Lanka`s railways. The Sri Lankan rail network is 1,508 km long and has a track width of 1,676 mm. Some of its routes are picturesque, with the main line passing (or crossing) waterfalls, mountains, tea fields, pine forests, bridges and state-of-the-art resorts. Selected passengers with confirmed tickets are now allowed to transfer tickets to another person. Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) now offers a payment option for train tickets on its website and app, where customers can book their tickets and pay for them on delivery.